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EQ-5D-5L | Proxy version

Proxy versions were developed for use in special cases where patients are mentally or physically not capable reporting on their health-related quality of life, for instance because of severe intellectual disability or mental health problems.

Please note that if patients are not able to come to a hospital, the EQ-5D-5L Interviewer Administered version or the EQ-5D-5L Telephone interview version is more suitable. If patients are not able to read or write, the EQ-5D-5L Interviewer Administered version or the EQ-5D-5L Face-to-face interview version is more suitable. Note that the Interviewer Administered version can be used interchangeably with Telephone or Face-to-face versions.

Four proxy versions are currently available. Note that with a proxy version a caregiver who knows the patient well rates the health-related quality of life, as follows:

  • Proxy version 1: The caregiver (the proxy) is asked to rate the patient’s health-related quality of life in their (the proxy’s) opinion.
  • Proxy version 2: The caregiver (the proxy) is asked to rate how he/she (the proxy) thinks the patient would rate his/her own health-related quality of life, if the patient were able to communicate it.
  • Interviewer Administered Proxy version 1: An interviewer asks the caregiver (proxy) to rate the patient’s health-related quality of life in their (the proxy’s) opinion.
  • Interviewer Administered Proxy version 2: Developed for use either in face-to-face or telephone/computer interviews when the person being assessed is unable to self-report their health state, and the most appropriate proxy is not able to complete a paper/digital questionnaire. Examples might include that the proxy cannot read or write due to poor literacy or impairment or is living away from the data collection site, making a telephone/computer interview preferable. Note that Proxy version 2 requires that the proxy reports on the health-related quality of life of the person as he/she judge that the person being assessed would report it if he/she were able to do so.

If a language version is not available, please contact the EuroQol Office.

CountryLanguageMode Of AdministrationPlatformDeviceProduct VersionDate Modified
ArgentinaSpanishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
ArgentinaSpanishProxy1Paper1.101/08/2020
ArgentinaSpanishProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/10/2021
ArgentinaSpanishProxy2Paper1.101/08/2020
AustraliaEnglishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
AustraliaEnglishProxy1Paper1.201/09/2020
AustraliaEnglishProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/09/2021
AustraliaEnglishProxy2Paper1.201/11/2022
AustraliaEnglishProxy1REDCap1.001/02/2021
AustriaGermanProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
AustriaGermanProxy1Paper1.101/05/2022
AustriaGermanProxy2Paper1.101/05/2022
BelarusBelarusianProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
BelarusBelarusianProxy1Paper1.001/01/2020
BelarusRussianProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
BelarusRussianProxy1Paper1.001/01/2020
BelgiumFlemishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
BelgiumFlemishProxy1Paper1.101/02/2020
BelgiumFlemishProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/06/2020
BelgiumFlemishProxy2Paper1.001/10/2019
BelgiumFlemishProxy1REDCap1.001/03/2021
BelgiumFrenchProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
BelgiumFrenchProxy1Paper1.101/11/2017
BelgiumFrenchProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/08/2020
BelgiumFrenchProxy2Paper1.101/12/2018
BelgiumGermanProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
BelgiumGermanProxy1Paper1.201/06/2022
BoliviaSpanishProxy1Paper1.001/06/2022
Bosnia and HerzegovinaCroatianProxy1Paper1.001/12/2017
Bosnia and HerzegovinaCroatianProxy2Paper1.001/12/2017
BrazilPortugueseProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
BrazilPortugueseProxy1Paper1.101/07/2021
BrazilPortugueseProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.101/07/2021
BrazilPortugueseProxy2Paper1.101/07/2021
BulgariaBulgarianProxy1Paper1.101/02/2018
BulgariaBulgarianProxy2Paper1.001/11/2017
CanadaEnglishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
CanadaEnglishProxy1Paper1.101/12/2020
CanadaEnglishProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/05/2021
CanadaEnglishProxy2Paper1.101/12/2020
CanadaEnglishProxy1REDCap1.001/09/2021
CanadaFrenchProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
CanadaFrenchProxy1Paper1.001/10/2015
CanadaFrenchProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/06/2020
CanadaFrenchProxy2Paper1.001/02/2015
CanadaFrenchProxy1REDCap1.001/09/2021
CataloniaCatalanProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
CataloniaCatalanProxy1Paper1.001/01/2018
ChileSpanishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
ChileSpanishProxy1Paper1.101/08/2020
ChinaSimplified ChineseProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
ChinaSimplified ChineseProxy1Paper1.101/06/2018
ChinaSimplified ChineseProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/07/2020
ChinaSimplified ChineseProxy2Paper1.101/08/2018
ChinaSimplified ChineseProxy1REDCap1.001/09/2021
ColombiaSpanishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
ColombiaSpanishProxy1Paper1.101/09/2020
Costa RicaSpanishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
Costa RicaSpanishProxy1Paper1.101/09/2020
CroatiaCroatianProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
CroatiaCroatianProxy1Paper1.101/09/2017
CroatiaCroatianProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/07/2020
CroatiaCroatianProxy2Paper1.001/11/2017
Czech RepublicCzechProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
Czech RepublicCzechProxy1Paper1.001/09/2015
Czech RepublicCzechProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/06/2020
Czech RepublicCzechProxy2Paper1.001/08/2015
DenmarkDanishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
DenmarkDanishProxy1Paper1.201/02/2022
DenmarkDanishProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.101/03/2022
DenmarkDanishProxy2Paper1.101/02/2022
Dominican RepublicSpanishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
Dominican RepublicSpanishProxy1Paper1.001/12/2021
EgyptArabicProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
EgyptArabicProxy1Paper1.001/04/2021
El SalvadorSpanishProxy1Paper1.101/09/2020
EstoniaEstonianProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
EstoniaEstonianProxy1Paper1.001/03/2017
EstoniaRussianProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
EstoniaRussianProxy1Paper1.001/03/2017
EthiopiaAmharicProxy1Paper1.001/03/2021
EthiopiaAmharicProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/09/2021
FinlandFinnishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
FinlandFinnishProxy1Paper1.101/11/2017
FinlandFinnishProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/06/2020
FinlandSwedishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
FinlandSwedishProxy1Paper2.001/01/2021
FinlandSwedishProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper2.001/01/2021
FranceFrenchProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
FranceFrenchProxy1Paper1.301/12/2021
FranceFrenchProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/06/2020
FranceFrenchProxy2Paper1.201/12/2021
GeorgiaGeorgianProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
GeorgiaGeorgianProxy1Paper1.001/07/2017
GermanyGermanProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
GermanyGermanProxy1Paper1.201/06/2018
GermanyGermanProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/06/2020
GermanyGermanProxy2Paper1.001/08/2015
GreeceGreekProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
GreeceGreekProxy1Paper1.001/03/2017
GreeceGreekProxy1REDCap1.001/01/2022
GuatemalaSpanishProxy1Paper1.101/09/2020
Hong KongEnglishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
Hong KongEnglishProxy1Paper1.001/09/2021
Hong KongTraditional ChineseProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
Hong KongTraditional ChineseProxy1Paper1.001/12/2018
HungaryHungarianProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
HungaryHungarianProxy1Paper1.101/02/2022
HungaryHungarianProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/06/2020
HungaryHungarianProxy2Paper1.101/02/2022
IndiaEnglishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
IndiaEnglishProxy1Paper1.101/03/2022
IndiaEnglishProxy2Paper1.101/03/2022
IndiaUrduProxy2Paper1.001/01/2019
IrelandEnglishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
IrelandEnglishProxy1Paper1.101/08/2022
IsraelArabicProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
IsraelArabicProxy1Paper1.001/03/2017
IsraelArabicProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/07/2020
IsraelEnglishProxy1Paper1.001/03/2017
IsraelHebrewProxy1Paper1.101/06/2018
IsraelHebrewProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/06/2020
IsraelHebrewProxy2Paper1.101/06/2018
IsraelRussianProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
IsraelRussianProxy1Paper1.001/03/2017
IsraelRussianProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/06/2020
ItalyItalianProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
ItalyItalianProxy1Paper1.201/01/2022
ItalyItalianProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.101/01/2022
ItalyItalianProxy2Paper1.101/01/2022
ItalyItalianProxy1REDCap1.001/01/2022
JapanJapaneseProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
JapanJapaneseProxy1Paper1.101/04/2021
JapanJapaneseProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.101/09/2021
JapanJapaneseProxy2Paper1.101/04/2021
JapanJapaneseProxy1REDCap1.001/08/2022
LatviaLatvianProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
LatviaLatvianProxy1Paper1.001/07/2018
LatviaRussianProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
LatviaRussianProxy1Paper1.001/03/2018
LithuaniaLithuanianProxy1Paper1.001/10/2015
LithuaniaLithuanianProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/06/2020
LithuaniaRussianProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
LithuaniaRussianProxy1Paper1.001/07/2017
MalaysiaEnglishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
MalaysiaEnglishProxy1Paper1.001/09/2017
MalaysiaMalayProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
MalaysiaMalayProxy1Paper1.101/09/2016
MalaysiaSimplified ChineseProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
MalaysiaSimplified ChineseProxy1Paper1.001/10/2015
MalaysiaTamilProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
MalaysiaTamilProxy1Paper1.001/07/2017
MauritiusEnglishProxy1Paper1.001/02/2018
MauritiusEnglishProxy2Paper1.001/02/2018
MauritiusFrenchProxy1Paper1.001/02/2018
MauritiusFrenchProxy2Paper1.001/02/2018
MexicoSpanishProxy1Paper1.101/09/2020
MexicoSpanishProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/10/2021
MexicoSpanishProxy2Paper1.101/09/2020
MontenegroMontenegrinProxy1Paper1.001/02/2018
MontenegroMontenegrinProxy2Paper1.001/02/2018
NepalNepaliProxy1Paper1.001/02/2019
NepalNepaliProxy2Paper1.001/01/2019
NetherlandsDutchProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
NetherlandsDutchProxy1Paper1.101/02/2021
NetherlandsDutchProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/10/2021
NetherlandsDutchProxy2Paper1.101/02/2021
NetherlandsDutchProxy1REDCap1.001/06/2021
New ZealandEnglishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
New ZealandEnglishProxy1Paper1.001/06/2017
New ZealandEnglishProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/10/2021
New ZealandEnglishProxy2Paper1.001/08/2017
North MacedoniaMacedonianProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
North MacedoniaMacedonianProxy1Paper1.101/11/2020
NorwayNorwegianProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
NorwayNorwegianProxy1Paper1.001/04/2016
NorwayNorwegianProxy2Paper1.001/07/2018
PanamaSpanishProxy1Paper1.001/04/2022
ParaguaySpanishProxy1Paper1.001/05/2022
PeruSpanishProxy1Paper1.101/03/2018
PolandPolishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
PolandPolishProxy1Paper1.001/10/2015
PolandPolishProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/10/2021
PolandPolishProxy2Paper1.001/03/2015
PortugalPortugueseProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
PortugalPortugueseProxy1Paper1.101/07/2021
PortugalPortugueseProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.101/07/2021
PortugalPortugueseProxy2Paper2.001/07/2021
Puerto RicoSpanishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
Puerto RicoSpanishProxy1Paper1.201/12/2021
QatarArabicProxy1Paper1.001/02/2018
QatarArabicProxy2Paper1.001/02/2018
RomaniaRomanianProxy1Paper1.001/09/2017
RomaniaRomanianProxy1REDCap1.001/01/2022
RussiaRussianProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
RussiaRussianProxy1Paper1.001/10/2015
RussiaRussianProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.101/01/2021
RussiaRussianProxy2Paper1.001/10/2018
Saudi ArabiaArabicProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
Saudi ArabiaArabicProxy1Paper1.001/11/2017
Saudi ArabiaArabicProxy2Paper1.001/11/2017
SerbiaCyrillic SerbianProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
SerbiaCyrillic SerbianProxy1Paper1.101/03/2018
SerbiaCyrillic SerbianProxy2Paper1.101/11/2018
SerbiaSerbianProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
SerbiaSerbianProxy1Paper2.001/02/2017
SerbiaSerbianProxy2Paper1.101/09/2018
SingaporeEnglishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
SingaporeEnglishProxy1Paper1.101/08/2022
SingaporeMalayProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
SingaporeMalayProxy1Paper1.001/09/2015
SingaporeSimplified ChineseProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
SingaporeSimplified ChineseProxy1Paper1.101/12/2015
SingaporeTamilProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
SingaporeTamilProxy1Paper1.001/07/2017
SlovakiaSlovakProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
SlovakiaSlovakProxy1Paper1.001/09/2015
SloveniaSlovenianProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
SloveniaSlovenianProxy1Paper2.001/06/2020
SloveniaSlovenianProxy2Paper1.001/03/2018
South AfricaAfrikaansProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
South AfricaAfrikaansProxy1Paper1.301/06/2018
South AfricaAfrikaansProxy2Paper1.101/06/2018
South AfricaEnglishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
South AfricaEnglishProxy1Paper1.101/08/2022
South AfricaEnglishProxy2Paper1.101/08/2022
South AfricaNorthern SothoProxy1Paper1.001/03/2018
South AfricaNorthern SothoProxy2Paper1.001/03/2018
South AfricaSesothoProxy1Paper1.001/03/2018
South AfricaSesothoProxy2Paper1.001/03/2018
South AfricaZuluProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
South AfricaZuluProxy1Paper1.001/07/2018
South KoreaKoreanProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
South KoreaKoreanProxy1Paper1.101/01/2018
South KoreaKoreanProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/07/2020
South KoreaKoreanProxy2Paper1.001/04/2015
SpainSpanishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
SpainSpanishProxy1Paper1.001/10/2015
SpainSpanishProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/08/2020
SpainSpanishProxy2Paper1.001/08/2015
SpainSpanishProxy1REDCap1.001/01/2022
SwedenSwedishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
SwedenSwedishProxy1Paper1.001/10/2015
SwedenSwedishProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/10/2021
SwedenSwedishProxy2Paper1.001/10/2018
SwitzerlandFrenchProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
SwitzerlandFrenchProxy1Paper1.001/10/2015
SwitzerlandFrenchProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/07/2020
SwitzerlandFrenchProxy2Paper1.001/02/2018
SwitzerlandGermanProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
SwitzerlandGermanProxy1Paper1.101/06/2022
SwitzerlandGermanProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.101/04/2022
SwitzerlandGermanProxy2Paper1.101/04/2022
SwitzerlandItalianProxy1Paper1.001/10/2015
SwitzerlandItalianProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/07/2020
TaiwanTraditional ChineseProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
TaiwanTraditional ChineseProxy1Paper1.101/10/2015
TaiwanTraditional ChineseProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/07/2020
TaiwanTraditional ChineseProxy2Paper1.001/12/2018
TaiwanTraditional ChineseProxy1REDCap1.001/09/2021
ThailandThaiProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
ThailandThaiProxy1Paper1.001/05/2019
TürkiyeTurkishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
TürkiyeTurkishProxy1Paper1.101/01/2022
UKEnglishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
UKEnglishProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationDigital1.101/09/2022
UKEnglishProxy2Digital1.201/11/2022
UKEnglishProxy2 Interviewer AdministrationDigital1.301/09/2022
UKEnglishProxy1Paper1.401/05/2019
UKEnglishProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.401/09/2022
UKEnglishProxy2Paper1.501/05/2019
UKEnglishProxy2 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.101/09/2022
UKEnglishProxy1Qualtrics1.001/10/2022
UKEnglishProxy2Qualtrics1.001/10/2022
UKEnglishProxy1REDCap1.001/06/2021
UKEnglishProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationREDCap1.001/08/2022
UKEnglishProxy2REDCap1.001/06/2021
UkraineRussianProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
UkraineRussianProxy1Paper1.001/10/2015
UkraineUkrainianProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
UkraineUkrainianProxy1Paper1.001/10/2015
UruguaySpanishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
UruguaySpanishProxy1Paper1.101/08/2022
USAEnglishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
USAEnglishProxy1Paper1.101/08/2020
USAEnglishProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/09/2021
USAEnglishProxy2Paper1.101/08/2020
USAEnglishProxy1REDCap2.001/06/2021
USASpanishProxy1Digital1.001/11/2022
USASpanishProxy1Paper1.101/08/2017
USASpanishProxy1 Interviewer AdministrationPaper1.001/09/2020
USASpanishProxy2Paper1.001/08/2015
USASpanishProxy1REDCap1.001/01/2022
VietnamVietnameseProxy1Paper1.001/01/2021
VietnamVietnameseProxy2Paper1.001/01/2021
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