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Population Norms

The EuroQol Group is frequently asked to provide EQ-5D population reference data (sometimes called normative data) for a specific country/region. Such data can be used as reference data e.g. to compare health profiles of patients with specific conditions with data for the average person of the same age and/or gender in the general population. This comparison helps to identify the burden of disease in a particular patient population.

Population norms for EQ-5D-3L have been published in the book:

The book provides descriptive statistics for EQ VAS, the five EQ-5D dimensions and EQ-5D-3L index values for the total population as well as by gender and the following age groups: 18–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65–74, 75+ years. EQ-5D index value calculations are provided using the following value sets: European VAS value set for all countries/regions; Country/region-specific time trade-off (TTO) value set if available; Country/region-specific VAS value set if available.

The book contains population surveys collected in 24 countries:

  • Argentina
  • France
  • New Zealand
  • Armenia
  • Germany
  • Slovenia
  • Belgium
  • Greece
  • Spain
  • Canada
  • Hungary
  • Sweden
  • China
  • Italy
  • Thailand
  • Denmark
  • Japan
  • United Kingdom
  • England
  • Korea
  • United States
  • Finland
  • The Netherlands
  • Zimbabwe


This article describes the EQ-5D-3L population norms in Norway:

(Version 23SEP2020)

Euroqol EQ-5D

For all enquiries with regard to
the EQ-5D, please contact us at:

EuroQol Office
Marten Meesweg 107
3068 AV Rotterdam, The Netherlands

T NEW as of 1 APRIL 2021: +31 882026890

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